When Did the French Revolution Start? The Beginning of a New Era
The French Revolution began on July 14, 1789, with the storming of the Bastille. This event marked the beginning of a period of political and social upheaval that would change France forever.
The French Revolution was a period of political and social upheaval in France that began in 1789 and ended in the late 1790s. The revolution overthrew the absolute monarchy that had ruled France for centuries, and established a republic based on the principles of liberty, equality, and fraternity.
The Cause of the French Revolution
The French Revolution was caused by a number of factors, including:
- The rise of the Enlightenment: The Enlightenment was a philosophical movement that emphasized reason, individualism, and freedom. Enlightenment thinkers argued that people should be free from the oppression of absolute monarchy and the Catholic Church.
- The weakness of the French monarchy: The French monarchy was weak and inefficient. The king, Louis XVI, was unpopular and indecisive.
- The economic situation: France was in a state of economic crisis. The country was deeply in debt, and the poor were suffering from high taxes and food shortages.
The Storming of the Bastille
The storming of the Bastille on July 14, 1789, is considered to be the beginning of the French Revolution. The Bastille was a prison that was used to hold political prisoners. On July 14, a mob of Parisians stormed the Bastille and released the prisoners. This event was a symbol of the people's revolt against the monarchy.
The Course of the French Revolution
The French Revolution went through a number of phases. In the early phase, the revolutionaries established a constitutional monarchy. However, the monarchy was overthrown in 1792, and a republic was established. The republic was ruled by a series of assemblies, including the National Assembly, the Legislative Assembly, and the Convention.
The French Revolution was a time of great upheaval and violence. The revolutionaries executed thousands of people, including King Louis XVI and Queen Marie Antoinette. The revolution also led to the rise of Napoleon Bonaparte, who would eventually become emperor of France.
The Legacy of the French Revolution
The French Revolution had a profound impact on France and the world. The revolution established the principles of liberty, equality, and fraternity, which have inspired revolutions and movements for democracy and social justice around the world.
The French Revolution was a watershed event in history. It marked the end of absolute monarchy in France and the beginning of a new era of political and social change. The revolution's legacy continues to be felt today, as its principles continue to inspire people around the world.