Bali is an Indonesian island located in the westernmost end of the Lesser Sunda Islands, lying between Java to the west and Lombok to the east. It is one of the country's 33 provinces with the provincial capital at Denpasar towards the south of the island.
Bali is the home of the country's largest Hindu population and the largest tourist destination in the world. The island is known for its beautiful beaches, iconic rice paddies, and natural beauty, as well as for its vibrant arts, music, and culture.
The history of Bali dates back to the early 20th century, when the Dutch established a colony on the island. Prior to this, Bali was a part of the Majapahit Empire, a powerful Hindu-Buddhist kingdom that ruled much of Indonesia from the 13th to the 16th century. The Dutch established control over the island in the early 20th century and ruled it until the end of World War II, when Indonesia declared its independence.
Since independence, Bali has become a major tourist destination, attracting millions of visitors each year. The island's economy is heavily reliant on tourism, and the service sector, including hotels, restaurants, and transportation, is the largest contributor to the island's GDP. Despite its reliance on tourism, Bali has managed to maintain its rich culture and traditions, and it is known for its Hindu temples, traditional dance performances, and colorful festivals.
In recent years, Bali has faced a number of challenges, including environmental issues and overcrowding. However, the island remains a popular destination for travelers from around the world, drawn by its beautiful beaches, unique culture, and friendly locals.